Mongolia has traditionally been a country of nomadic pastoralists. Until 1920 ruled gentry and Buddhist monastic communities
the country. The rural population was tending the flocks of the ruling class and also had some cattle for his own use.
The lifestyle of the shepherds was changed radically by the Russian Revolution. In Mongolia there was a revolutionary movement. In 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was founded and the country under the influence of the Soviet Union. That the development of the population strongly promoted. There were schools and facilities for primary health care. There were mines to mine. The minerals On the other hand, the nomadic herders forced to become part of large collective farms. The "socialist man" had to be pretty Buddhism in Mongolia was fought brutally,. Thousands of monks were killed and approximately seven hundred monasteries were destroyed One of the measures to suppress the ancient clan system was that the associated names were banned..
When Mongolia still belonged to the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union, were major industrial and mining sectors. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 80th stopped the economic support from that country. The result was that industrial and mining companies were closed. Unemployed workers returned to the nomadic mode of existence and keeping livestock. In the 90 years the number of farmers doubled. In 1998, about one-third of the Mongols farmer. Thus Mongolia was the only country in the world that a strong decrease of the industrial sector and strong growth in the agricultural sector has experienced in recent history. There were large herds of goats in the south of the country. The cashmere that this can deliver good sold and exported. However, while grazing goats pulling the plants, roots and all out there. The strong growth of the herds led to overgrazing of large areas with severe desertification due. Because these new farmers were inexperienced as a shepherd, they were not prepared for a long and very severe winters, which around the turn of the century occurred three times in a row. A large part of the newly constructed livestock died during this period.
Mongolia since 1991 transformed into a Western-style democracy and has a free market economy. The country has a non-violent manner achieved independence from Russia and also managed to avoid the landed within the sphere of influence of China. The capital Ulaanbaatar is growing rapidly and offers many cultural opportunities. The output of cashmere has risen sharply and prosperity has grown.
Most Mongolians still live in a ger. See this nomad tents there exactly like hundreds of years ago but there are nowadays often dishes and motorcycles next.

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